District Jaisalmer is located within a rectangle lying between 26°.4’ - 28°.23 North parallel and 69°.20 - 72°.42 east meridians. It is the largest district of Rajasthan and also one of the largest in the country on the basis of area. The breath (East-West) of the district is 270 km and the length (North-South) is 186 km. On the present map, district Jaisalmer is bounded on the north by Bikaner, on the west south-west by Indian boarder, on the south by Barmer and Jodhpur, and on the east by Jodhpur and Bikaner Districts. The length of international boarder attached to Jaisalmer district is 471 km.
Jaisalmer district, a part of the Great Indian Thar Desert, is sandy, dry and scorched. The terrain around, within a radius of about 60 km is stony and rocky. The area is barren, undulating with its famous sand dunes and slopes towards the Indus valley and the Runn of Kutch. The soil here is grateful even to a little rain and turns lush green during mansoon. The underground water level is very low. Geographically this district is spread over in 38,401 sq. km.
Jaisalmer has a very dry climate with very hot summer; a cold winter and sparse rains. The climate is extremely hot during summer with maximum temperature reaching up to 49.2°C and extremely cold during winder with minimum temperature in the range of 01°C. The variation in temperature from morning to noon and the late midnight is a sudden phenomenon. The average rainfall is only 16.4 cm as against the state average of 57.5 cm.
Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district (Year 2017-18)
|S.N.||Crop||Area (ha)||Production (MT)||Productivity (kg/ha)|
*Rajasthan Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2016-17